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Conflict and Mining

The civil wars in Sierra Leone and Liberia, for example, were partly financed by illegal diamond mining and trading. In the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, illegal mining and trade in conflict minerals are an important source of income for armed rebel groups.

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Background

The conflict in Sierra Leone dates from March 1991 when fighters of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) launched a war from the east of the country near the border with Liberia to overthrow the government. With the support of the Military Observer Group (ECOMOG) of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Sierra Leone's army tried at first to defend the government but, the

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Examining Religious Peacebuilding

Mar 14, 2021Therefore, in her article on Sierra Leone, the author asks how religious actors—particularly the Inter-Religious Council of Sierra Leone (IRCSL), founded in 1997 as an umbrella organization of Muslim and Christian groups around the country—contributed to conflict transformation during and after the country's civil war (1991-2021).

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Resources, primary industry and conflict in Sierra Leone

Resources, primary industry and conflict in Sierra Leone (147KB) Available in English. This article was produced by Conciliation Resources, with the support of other organisations, and focuses on the link between the diamond industry in Sierra Leone and ongoing instability in the country. It briefly explains the different types of diamonds and

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coltan mining in sierra leone

coltan shipments from sierra leone BINQ Mining. Apr 27 2021Diamonds in Sierra Leone a Resource Curse – ERD Nigeria Liberia and Sierra Leone are amongst those countries that are Mineral resources like diamonds and columbite tantalite coltan in the DRC are partly neighboring countries and onward shipment to Europe and the Middle East More detailed

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VOLUME TWO

On 23 March 1991, armed conflict broke out in Sierra Leone – a country on the coast of West Africa made up of just 4.5 million people – when forces crossed the border from Liberia into the town of Bomaru near the eastern frontier.

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Coltan and conflict in the DRC

Feb 11, 2021Coltan and conflict in the DRC. A new alliance between the DRC and Rwanda against rebel groups brings new threats and opportunities for peace in the Great Lakes Region, while illegal coltan

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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone - Civil war: The difficulties in the country were compounded in March 1991 when conflict in neighbouring Liberia spilled over the border into Sierra Leone. Momoh responded by deploying troops to the border region to repel the incursion of Liberian rebels known as the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), led by Charles Taylor.

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Conflict Prevention and Peace Preservation

United Nations Development Programme support to Conflict Prevention and Peace Preservation (CPPP) effectively commenced in July 2021 following the complete closure of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone(UNIPSIL), the UNDP continued to strengthening national and local efforts for identifying and resolving tensions and threats of potential conflict, especially over

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The Failures of Post

The Causes of Conflict in Sierra Leone. The report released by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for Sierra Leone concluded that it was years of bad governance, endemic corruption and the denial of basic human rights that created the deplorable conditions that made conflict inevitable.[4] There are many perceptions of the causes of

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Sierra Leone

Oct 18, 2021Sierra Leone - A peacekeeping success: Lessons learned from UNAMSIL. In June 2021, Refugees International (RI) completed its eighth mission to Sierra Leone

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Lassa fever in post

Background: Lassa fever (LF), an often-fatal hemorrhagic disease caused by Lassa virus (LASV), is a major public health threat in West Africa. When the violent civil conflict in Sierra Leone (1991 to 2021) ended, an international consortium assisted in restoration of the LF program at Kenema Government Hospital (KGH) in an area with the world's highest incidence of the disease.

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Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Jul 31, 2021Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2021, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2021 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the presidency and his All People's Congress () wrested the parliament from the ruling Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), restored legitimacy to the electoral

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Natural Resources and Conflict

mines in the West African country of Sierra Leone and its brutal consequences for its people. The diamond trade's role in financing the wars in Angola, Liberia and Sierra Leone led to international condemnation of the trade in "conflict diamonds and the launch of the Kimberley Process. The links between conflict and the extraction of a given

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Natural Resources and Conflict: Diamonds in Sierra Leone

conflict in Sierra Leone that focuses on the role of diamonds and other natural resources in initiating, perpetuating, and ending the conflict. This will segue into the post-conflict challenges and opportunities faced by Sierra Leone, as well as a discussion of relevant policy recommendations made by economists.

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(PDF) Organised criminal groups and conflict: The nature

Sanctions imposed against armed factions in Sierra Leone include Security Council resolutions 1171 (5 Jun. 1998), 1306 (5 Jul. 2021) and the Council applied sanctions to Liberia for its role in importing and exporting conflict diamonds from Sierra Leone in resolution 1343 (7 Mar. 2021).

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Brutal Poverty in Sierra Leone

Mar 11, 2021Poverty in Sierra Leone is alive and well. Freetown, the capital and largest city in Sierra Leone, was founded in 1787. It was known as the "Province of Freedom" because it was a British crown colony and the principal base for the suppression of the slave trade. The Maroons were the original settlers, consisting of 1,200 newly freed slaves

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30Giorni

The role played, for example, by diamonds in the Central African Republic in financing the national army and the rebel opposition to the regime is indisputable, while in Sierra Leone, where a decade of conflict has been funded by diamond smuggling, the violence has caused 120,000 victims, half a million refugees and two million evacuees.

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The Spoils of War: The Role of Diamonds in the

The Sierra Leone conflict, and others in the region like the Ogoni crisis in Nigeria, confirm the link between resources, governance and civil society. Policy considerations for countries facing the threat of resource-based conflict include the need for: Better management and improved accountability in the handling of state resources.

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Bumbuna Dam, Sierra Leone

Sep 03, 2021The Bumbuna Hydroelectric Project in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone. World Bank Working Paper 84. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank [2] D'Angelo, 2021 Changing Environments, Occult Protests, and Social Memories in Sierra Leone. Social EvolutionHistory, Vol. 13 No. 2, September 2021 22–56. Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone and World Bank.

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SIERRA LEONE

Conflict, p. 9. Sierra Leone ratified the Slavery Convention on March 13, 1962. 5 Article 7 (1) (g) lists enslavement as a crime against humanity with the definition given in Article 7 (2) (c

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The Causes of the Sierra Leone Civil War

Oct 25, 2021'The root of the conflict is and remains diamonds, diamonds and diamonds.' (Ibrahim Kamara 2021) 'To the economist, this is war motivated by greed.For the young fighter, it is injustice.' (William Reno 2021, p.46) I. Introduction . The decade-long civil war in Sierra Leone formally ended in January 2021 following the British government's successful military intervention to suppress

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CHINA/SIERRA LEONE : Freetown aims to break DRC's grip on

Jul 14, 2021China's Pan Africa Rare Metals Mining (SL) obtained a licence for the large-scale extraction of coltan from Timothy Kabba's Ministry of Mines in June. The company's allocated zone is in the Kono district of eastern Sierra Leone, and had been the subject of an environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) from March, carried out by Makona Environmental Consultant, a local

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conflict the situation in Sierra Leone paper

There has been a power struggle over the conflict of "blood diamonds" in Sierra Leone and surrounding areas for many years. I will show that, while the struggle over the diamond trade has elongated the conflict and has been the predominant factor for civil war in Sierra Leone, the political situation has actually been the root cause of the

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Peace is precious

Jan 26, 2021Diamonds fuelled the war in DRC and Sierra Leone, as well as earlier conflicts in the 1980's. Oil, timber, coltan and cassiterite have also been controlled and traded by rebel armies for arms.

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The Challenges and Lessons of Security Sector

Much of the gains of post-conflict reconstruction in Sierra Leone remain fragile. The reform of the security sector in Sierra Leone has enhanced the restoration of public safety in the country. The new Police Charter focuses on respect for human rights, provision of reliable and accountable services, equal opportunities and professionalism.

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Minerals and Conflict

valuable minerals took center stage after 'conflict diamonds' or 'blood diamonds', became a prominent feature of Sierra Leone's civil war. Unfortunately, competition over coltan in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has followed a similarly brutal course. This toolkit: 1) examines the relationship between valuable minerals, such as

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Building peace and livelihoods in Sierra Leone

Jan 06, 2021Sierra Leone is no longer a fragile country. We have moved even from peacebuilding to peace consolidation. We want to sustain the peace that has already been established in the country

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Towards Inclusive Peace and Development in the Democratic

Oct 13, 2021External drivers of armed conflict in the DRC.The DRC's abundant natural resources, including bauxite, copper, diamonds, gold, coltan, coffee, timber, oil, gas, land, and water, have always been coveted by neighboring states and international actors.Sierra Leone

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Coltan Mining In Africa

Coltan mining Sierra Leone | Conflict Minerals | Africa. Coltan mining Sierra Leone. Ta/Nb minerals generally called coltan represent one of the best example what conflict minerals term means. Read more. Coltan, Gorillas and Cellphones | Bushmeat Crisis Task Force.

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'Conflict Minerals', Canada and African Civil Wars

Oct 26, 2021Diamonds undoubtedly played a role in Sierra Leone's decade-long civil war, but its root causes may be both much more mundane and much more complex than the fascination with 'blood diamonds' suggests. Rather than a simple story of greed and illegal diamond trade, the conflict was part of a revolt against oppressive agrarian structures.

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Post

The increased number of conflict reoccurrence in post-conflict areas prompts that the current post-conflict peacebuilding strategies fall short of securing lasting peace in these regions. States such as Sierra Leone and Liberia have been fluctuating between war and peace, further decreasing the chances of ceasefire and affected the local

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